Anurag Sagar, Page 6, Speech no. 7 to 17
Mritak bbhaav Prabhu kaho bujhaai | jaate manki tapni nasaayi ||
Kehi vidhi mritak ho yeh jeevan | kaho viloy naath amritdhan ||
Kabir’s Statement – Example of Mritak
Dharmdas yeh kathin kahani | gurugam te koyi virle jaani ||
Example of Bhringi
Mritak hoye ke khojahin santa | shabd vichaari gahaen magu anta ||
Jaise bhring keet ke paasa | keet gaho bhring shabd ki asha ||
Shabd ghaatkar tehi mahaen daare | bhringi shabd keet jo dhaare ||
Tab laegau bhringi nij geha | swaati deh kinho samdeha ||
Bhringi shabd keet jo mana | varan fer aapan karjana ||
Birla keet jo hoye sukhdaayi | pratham avaaj gahe chitlaayi ||
Koyi dooje koyi teeje maanae | tan man rahit shabd hit jaanae ||
Bhringi shabd keet naa gahyi | tau puni keet aasre rahyi ||
Ek din keet gahesi bhring bhasha | varan badlae poorvae asha ||
Other Examples of Mritak
(Anurag Sagar, Page 7, Speech no. 7 to 20)
Sunahu sant yeh mritak subhaau | birla jeev peev mag dhaau ||
Aurae sunahu mritak ka bheva | mritak hoye satguru pad sewa ||
Mritak chhoh tajae shabd urdhaare | chhoh tajae to jeev ubaare ||
Example of Prithvi
Jas prithvi ke ganjan hoyi | chit anumaan gahe gun soyi ||
Koyi chandan koyi vishta daare | koyi koyi krishi anusaare ||
Gun augun tin samkar jana | taj virodh adhik sukhmana ||
Example of Ookh
Auro mritak bhaav suni lehu | nirakhi parkhi guru magu pagu dehu ||
Jaise ikh kisaan ugaavae | rati rati kar deh kataave ||
Kolhu mah puni taahi piraavae | puni kadaah mein khoob untaave ||
Nij tanu daahe gud tab hoyi | bahuri taav de khaand viloyi ||
Tahu maahi taav puni deenha | cheeni tabae kahaavan leenha ||
Cheeni hoye bahurit tan jara | taate misri hai anusara ||
Misreete jab kand kahava | kahey Kabir sabke man bhaava ||
Yahi vidhite jo shish karahi | Guru kripa sahje bhav tarayi ||
Meaning: - The meaning of line no. 7 to 17 written on Page 6 of Anurag Sagar is that Dhani Dharmdas ji politely put a question to Supreme God Kabir Ji that – O Lord! Please explain to me what is the nature of a Mritak (dead person) like? How one has to die while being alive? O Immotal God! O Master! Please (biloye) draw the conclusion and tell me that nectar-wealth, that is, the path of becoming immortal.
“Supreme God Kabir’s Statement – Example of Mritak”
Supreme God Kabir Ji stated that – O Dharmdas! This question that you have asked is a complex topic. Only an aspirant of knowledge, who remains in the refuge of Satguru, by comprehending it can succeed in it.
“Example of Bhringi”
Saints and worshippers search for God by becoming dead while being alive. By doing ‘Shabd Vichaar’, meaning by properly understanding the true mantras, they reach the end point of that path, that is, they attain complete salvation.
Like, there is a Bhring (a blue-colour insect with wings) which is called Bhambheeri; it is also known by the names like ‘injanhaari’ etc, and it continuously makes a sound of ‘Bheen-bheen’. It does not give rise to offsprings by the method of intercourse between a male and a female. It goes near a particular insect. It keeps doing its sound of ‘bheen-bheen’ next to that insect. If any insect becomes influenced by its sound, it carries that insect and takes it to an already prepared home of mud. That circular shaped house is of two inch circumference, has one or two openings and is made of mud. Then it takes the second and the third one in it. Then it keeps doing its sound of ‘bheen-bheen’ on them. Then bringing the water from dew drops with its mouth puts it into those insects’ mouth. On repeatedly hearing the sound of that Bhambheeri i.e. Bhring, that insect becomes of the same colour and develops wings just like it. It also starts producing the sound of ‘bheen-bheen’ like that of Bhambheeri. It itself becomes a Bhambheeri only. Similarly, a complete saint by repeatedly uttering his knowledge like a Bhambheeri even makes an ordinary person a devotee. Then that devotee also starts narrating the knowledge heard from Satguru to other people. Because of abandoning the customs and traditions of the world, other people say that his/her mannerisms have changed. He/she has become a devotee. Like when a Bhring (bhambheeri/beetle) utters sound to the insects, then someone quickly becomes active, someone becomes active after the second time, or someone at the third time. Likewise, when Satguru narrates his satsang from time to time to some people, then a person of good previous deeds agrees quickly; someone acquires the path after listening to the satsang one or two more times, and then he/she takes initiation. Some insects are such that they change their nature after many days. If that insect has not become a Bhringi and is living in the refuge of that Bhring, then one day it will definitely change. Supreme God Kabir Ji has stated that – O Dharmdas! If a disciple will keep listening to the viewpoints of Guru ji in this way, then he/she by being influenced like that Bhring insect, changing his/her wordly nature and by becoming a devotee, will attain the Hans state.
Meaning of lines 7 to 20 on Page 7.
Kabir Ji said – “O Saints! Listen to the nature of a Mritak (dead). Only someone rare follows in this way. He/she obtains the ‘mag’ i.e. the path of acquiring the ‘Peev’ i.e. God. Apart from the example of Bhring mentioned above, listen to the nature of a ‘Mritak’, so that by being ‘Mritak’ (dead), that is, by behaving like a dead while being alive, one does sadhna according to the way of worship (padyati) told by Satguru.”
Example of Earth
Like, the earth is tolerant. Similarly, one who will acquire the quality of the earth is (jeevit mritak) dead while being alive and only that person becomes successful. If someone defecates on earth, or puts faeces over earth; if someone tears it apart while doing farming; someone worships the earth; the earth does not see merits or demerits. ‘One acts according to one’s beliefs’ - thinking this the earth instead of opposing remains pleased.
The meaning is that just as earth is tolerant, similar should be the nature of devotees and saints. Whether someone says wrong things that – ‘what are you doing’, that is, insults you or someone honours you, a devotee succeeds by remaining firm on his/her goal.
Example of Ookh (sugarcane)
Like, a farmer sows sugarcane. At that time, he breaks sugarcane into one foot long pieces and plants them into the earth. The sugarcane after growing is crushed in a crusher. Then its juice is boiled on flame in a wok. Then jaggery is formed. If the juice of sugarcane is given excessive heat, then it becomes khaand (brown sugar) which is tastier than jaggery. If it is heated more, it becomes sugar. If it is heated even more, it becomes Mishri (sugar-candy). Then from mishri, kand (white crystallised sugar) is formed. Supreme God Kabir Ji has said that – O Dharmdas! In this way, the more a disciple bears hardships on the path of bhakti, the dearer and more precious he/she becomes to God.
The essence of Pages 8 and 9 of Anurag Sagar is that only he is a worshipper who restrains all his senses. One gets contented with whatever one gets. One does not get attracted on seeing someone beautiful. One does not hate someone ugly. One sees both of them with the eyes of divine knowledge that the above skin is white or black; the bones and muscles inside are the same and on getting a disease a body starts decaying and stinking. In this way, do bhakti with prudence. If someone honours you, speaks to you politely then do not be happy. If someone says harsh words to you, then do not get upset. Knowing the level of their intellect, remain calm. If someone feeds you good food, Kheer-Khaand, halwa-poori, then do not get impressed by them just because of that. They will get the result of their deed. If someone feeds plain food to you, then you should eat it with more passion and love. Only that devotee can attain God who does not give importance to sex. If lust bothers you, then seek enjoyment by engaging your mind in recitation of naam (mantra). Instantly, the lust will die down. The method to destroy lust: -
Kabir, parnaari ko dekhiye, behan beti ke bhaav |
Kah Kabir kaam naash ka, yahi sahaj upaay ||
Another characteristic for attaining salvation – “Temperament like that of an Anal Bird”
Like, an Anal bird (Alal Pankh) lives in the sky. This bird has now become extinct. It used to have four feet. Front ones were small and the rear ones were big. Its size used to be massive. It used to have very long wings. A mature bird could carry four elephants at a time and take them to its family in the sky.
Anal Bird (Alal bird) used to live above in the air. The female Anal used to lay eggs from there itself. She used to release the eggs at a place where there was a forest of bananas. The banana trees entangling into each other used to make dense forests. Herds of elephants, that is, hundreds of elephants also used to reside in the banana forest because an elephant eats a banana tree and lies down on the banana trees only. It enjoys in a carefree manner. The egg of Alal bird is incubated by the friction of air while passing through the atmosphere to come down on earth and baby bird is completely developed. The egg falls on the banana tree. Because of the denseness of the banana trees, the egg is not damaged. It used to fall on the ground breaking through the banana trees only at a speed to make it hatch. The size of the egg was used to be massive. Its cover also used to be very strong. For the safety of the baby bird, there used to be a cushioning substance between the cover and the baby bird that used to save the baby bird from getting hurt on falling on the ground. The offspring of Anal Bird used to stay with the offsprings of other birds on the earth. It used to fly with them, but its conscience believed that this is not my home, my family. My family is up. On becoming mature, it used to swoop on a herd of elephants. It used to fly away carrying four elephants in all the four claws and holding one elephant in its beak. It used to go to its family and also take the food for them.
Supreme God Kabir Ji giving an accurate example has guided a devotee that you are not a permanent resident of this world. You have to leave it and go. Your family is above in Satyalok. You have fallen on this earth. The state of mind of a devotee who has gained Tatvgyan (true & complete spiritual knowledge) should be similar to that of the baby of Anal (Alal) Bird. Until the time to go to Satlok comes, live in a civilised manner with the wordly people. While going from here, you should not have any attachment to them. We have to fly away taking along the earning of the recitation of our mantra and the earning of the meritorious deeds with us. We have to go to our family in our home in Satlok.
Summary of Anurag Sagar Page 152:
On this page, Supreme God has disclosed the secret of the inside of the body. This human body has 72 ducts. Three (Ida, Pingla, Sushmna) are main among them. Then there is a special duct “Brahm Randra”.
Supreme God Kabir Ji has told that – Dharmdas! Man (mind) itself is Jyoti Niranjan. It makes the soul dance in such a way like a juggler makes a monkey dance. In this body, there are three agents of Kaal – 5 elements, 25 Prakriti and 3 Gunas. They deceive the soul. Both Kaal Niranjan and the soul play an important role in the body. Kaal Niranjan in the form of Man makes one commit all the sins, and keeps all the sins on the soul’s head.
Gist of Anurag Sagar Page 153:
Kaal has misled in such a way that the soul has forgotten the Supreme God.
FAQs about " What Should be the Nature of a Devotee Like"
Q.1 What is the significance of the Bhring analogy in the text regarding spiritual development?
The Bhring analogy highlights how a complete saint can transform an ordinary person into a devotee through the imparting of knowledge, similar to how the Bhring influences other insects and changes their nature.
Q.2 What lessons can we learn from the examples of the earth and sugarcane in the context of spiritual devotion and hardship?
The examples of the earth and sugarcane teach us to be tolerant and steadfast in our spiritual journey, regardless of how we are treated. They also illustrate that enduring hardships on the path of devotion makes one more precious to God.
Q. 3 What is the essence of the teachings on Pages 8 and 9 of Anurag Sagar, particularly in terms of restraining the senses and practicing contentment?
The essence of these pages emphasizes the importance of restraining the senses, practicing contentment, and viewing people with divine knowledge. It advises devotees to remain unperturbed by praise and criticism and to focus on the path of devotion with prudence.
Q.4 How does the 'Anal' Bird's analogy illustrate the concept of leaving the earthly world and returning to one's true home in Satlok, as described in the text?
The 'Anal' Bird's analogy illustrates that, like the Anal Bird, we are not permanent residents of this world but our real home is Satlok. Devotees are encouraged to live among worldly people but maintain detachment and strive to return to their family in Satlok, carrying the merits of their devotion and good deeds with them.
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