Durga Puran asserts the divine feminine goddess Durga to be the supreme power. She is a figure of devotional appeal amongst Hindus and is believed to be the primordial creator of the universe. The Devi Bhagavata Purana consists of 12 skandhas (sections) and has 318 adhyayas (chapters) each glorifying Goddess Durga as the epitome of Shakti (feminine power). Hindus worship goddess Durga as Devi who is believed to be the origin of all existence because initially, the supreme power was ‘Nirguna’ (without form) which later manifested herself as three Shaktis (Sattvik, Rajasi, and Tamasi).
Durga Puran asserts goddess Durga as the eternal truth and she as ‘Nirguna’ (without form) is the eternal source of the universe as well as the eternal end of everything. She is worshipped as the powerful creator and the compassionate pervader. This divine feminine has the enlightened knowledge to whom all masculine deities befuddled by problems approach for help and are dependent on her grace because she is believed to be the protector of the universe. She is Ashtangi (has eight arms each holding various weapons).
Scholars have mentioned various time duration regarding the composition of Devi Bhagavata MahaPurana by fetching information from various sources from Hindu religious scriptures like Brahma Puran, Shiv MahaPuran, Vishnu Puran, Markandeya Puran, etc. and have drawn certain conclusions which are strongly believed in Hinduism. Let us analyze them in detail.
Together with this, there are certain facts about goddess Durga mentioned in Durga Puran which have never been revealed by scholars / fake gurus / pandits and the devotee society remained completely ignorant.
The following queries need to be resolved:-
Let us explore facts from Shrimad Devi Bhagavata Purana published from Gitapress Gorakhpur, edited by Shri Hanuman Prasad Poddar and Chiman Lal Goswami.
Durga Ji wears sindoor; according to Hindu tradition sindoor is worn by a married female; it is symbolic of female being ‘suhagan’. It is the religious practice amongst Hindu devotees to offer ‘suhag’ to goddess Durga during worship but the reality is quite a large number of devotees do not know who is the husband of Durga?
Shrimad Devi Bhagavata Purana, Third Skand, Page 114-118
It is mentioned ‘Many consider the Acharya Bhavani to be the fulfiller of all wishes. She is known as Prakriti and has an inseparable relationship with Brahm’.
Addressing Durga as Bhavani the above verse mentions that Kaal is her (Durga's) husband who is addressed as Param Purush. Both of them live together and have an inseparable relation.
Shrimad Devi Bhagavata Purana, Third Skand, Page 11-12, Adhyay 5, Shlok 12
Ramayse swapatiM purushM sada tav gatiM na hi vih vid am shive (12)
‘You (Durga) are always procreating (reproduction by copulation) with your husband purush i.e. Kaal God. Nobody knows your state’.
Shrimad Devi Bhagavata Purana, Third Skand, page no. 14, Adhyay 5 Shlok 43
Lord Brahma asks Maa Durga –
Ekameva dwitiyM yat Brahm veda vadanti vae Sa kiM tvam vaaapyasau va kiM sandehM vinivartay
‘The one, who has been called as unequaled only one Purna Brahm in the Vedas, is that you only or is it someone else? Dispel this doubt of mine.
To this Durga Ji replies to Lord Brahma –
Devyuvaach sadaektvaM na bhedosti sarvdaev mamaasya ch||
yosau saahamahM yosau bhedosti mativibhrmaat ||2||
‘What he is, I am; what I am, he is. Because of mental confusion, a difference is perceived’
Further, in Durga Puran Goddess Durga tells to worship this Brahm-Kaal itself because he is above Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva and that those who have not understood these Vedas and Puranas they continue to worship Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva and Durga, whereas Supreme God is someone else.
Mm chaev shareerM vae sootramityabhidheeyate sthoolM shareerM vakshyami brahmanH parmatmanH ||83||
Durga says - My body is said to be like a beautiful cloth; God Brahm is said to have a material body.
Reference is in Kabir Sagar as well in the creation of the universe which clarifies that Kaal/Brahm is married to Durga, they live as husband-wife and do all creations in twenty-one brahamands of this Kshar Purush/Brahm.
All evidence prove that Kaal (Brahm/Kshar Purush) is the husband of Durga. Both are in form in material bodies.
Now the question arises when both Kshar Purush / Kaal and Durga are in form and live together as husband-wife having material bodies:-
In Kabir Sagar, creation of the universe, the origin of Kshar Purush / Kaal and Durga is explained. The Almighty God KavirDev / Kabir (who is the creator of the entire universe) with his word power created this Kshar Purush from an egg and later Durga was born by the word power of Supreme God Kabir / KavirDev. So the father of Durga is none other than Almighty KavirDev.
Goddess Durga is addressed as ‘Maa’ (mother). She is called the ‘Jagatjan-ni / Tridevjan-ni’. Here we will understand:-
Reference Kabir Sagar
Brahm (Kaal) married Durga and their union as husband-wife gave birth to three sons Brahma Ji-equipped with Rajoguna, Vishnu Ji-equipped with Satogun and Shiv Shankar Ji-equipped with Tamogun. They are called ‘Tridev’ and hold responsibility as minister of one department each, in three loks ie. Heaven-Swarglok, Earth-Prithvilok and Nether world-Patal lok in one brahmand. Prakriti (Durga) acquired her own three other forms (Savitri, Lakshmi, and Parvati) and got married to her three sons to them. In the form of ‘Savitri; she was given to god Brahma as wife, as ‘Lakshmi’ to god Vishnu and as ‘Parvati’ to god Shankar.
Reference:- Shrimad Devi Bhagwat MahaPuran Sabhashtikam Samhatyam, Khemraj Shri Krishan Das Prakashan Mumbai; Sanskrit text, translated in Hindi
Goddess Durga told Brahma Ji- ‘Make this Shakti your wife. Famous by the name ‘MahaSaraswati’ this beautiful woman will now remain your wife forever’.
Bhagwati Jagdamba said to God Vishnu - ‘Vishnu! Taking this charming ‘MahaLakshmi’ now you may also proceed. She will always remain seated in your chest’.
Goddess said ‘Shankar! This charming ‘MahaKali’ is famous by the name Gauri. You may accept her as wife’.
Shrimad Devi Bhagavata Purana Third Skand 3, Adhyay 4, Page no. 10, Shlok 42
Brahma Aham MaheshwarH fil te prabhawatsarve vyaM jani na yada tu nityaH, Ke anye suraH shatmakh pramukhaH ch nitya nitya twamev janani PrakritiH Purana (42)
‘Oh Mother! Brahma, I, (Vishnu), and Shiva take birth from your influence only, we are not eternal/immortal, then how can other Indra, etc. gods be eternal. Only you are immortal, are Prakriti and Sanatani Devi.
Shrimad Devi Bhagavata Purana, Page 11-12, Adhyay 5, Shlok 8
Yadi dayardramna na sadambike kathamhaM vihitH ch tamogunaH Kamaljshch rajogunsambhavH suvihitH kimu satvguno HariH (8)
God Shankar said, “Oh Mother! If you are kind to us then why did you make me Tamogun, why did you make Brahma, who has originated from lotus, Rajgun, and why did you make Vishnu, Satguna?” i.e. why did you engage us in the evil deed of the birth and death of living beings?
Shrimad Devi Bhagavata Purana Third Skand, Adhyay 1-3, page no.119 -120
God Vishnu Ji said to Shri Brahma Ji and Shri Shiv Ji that ‘Durga is the mother of us, three. She only is the Universal mother/Jagatjan-ni, goddess Jagdambika/Prakriti Devi. This goddess is the primary cause of all of us’.
‘She is the same divine lady whom I had seen in the Prlayarnv. At that time I was a small child. She was rocking me in a cradle. A firm bed was laid on the leaf of a banyan tree. Laying on it, I was sucking the toe of my foot in my lotus-like mouth and was playing. This goddess was rocking me while singing. This is that same goddess. There is no doubt left in it. On seeing her, I recalled the past events. She is our mother’.
Third Skand, Adhyay 5, page no. 123
Shri Vishnu Ji praising Durga Ji said - ‘you are a pure figure. This whole world is arising from you only. I (Vishnu), Brahma and Shankar, we all exist by your grace. We take birth (aavirbhaav) and die (tirobhaav); which means, we three gods are mortal. Only you are eternal. You are the universal mother/Jagatjan-ni/goddess Prakriti (existing for time immemorial).
God Shankar said - ‘Goddess, if the greatly fortunate Vishnu has taken birth from you, then Brahma who was born after him, must also be your son only, and then am I, Shankar, who does Tamoguni Leela, not your child ie. you only are my mother too. Your Gunas are always present everywhere in this world’s creation, preservation, and destruction. Born of these three Gunas (qualities), we, Brahma, Vishnu, and Shankar, remain devoted to work according to the regulations’.
Third Skand, Adhyay 6 on page no.129
Durga says to Brahma ‘Now to accomplish my task, you all sit in the aircraft and go quickly. When in the presence of any difficult situation you will remember me, then I will appear before you, gods! You must always keep remembering Brahm and me (Durga). If you will keep remembering us both, then there is no doubt why your tasks should not be accomplished’.
Reference Shri Shiv Puran-Published from Gita Press Gorakhpur, translator is Shri Hanuman Prasad Poddar.
Page no. 100 -103 - By union (husband-wife act) of Sadashiv ie. Kaal-form Brahm and Prakriti (Durga), Satgun Shri Vishnu Ji, Rajgun Shri Brahma Ji, and Tamgun Shri Shiv Ji were born. This very Prakriti (Durga), who is called Ashtangi, is called ‘Tridevjan-ni’, the mother of the three gods (Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiv Ji).
Page no. 110, Adhyay 9, Rudra Sanhita “In this way, Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva, the three gods have qualities, but Shiv (Brahm-Kaal) is said to be beyond qualities.”
Evidence is also in Gita Adhyay 14 Shlok 3 to 5. Where the giver of the knowledge of Gita ie. Kaal-Brahm tells that Durga (Prakriti Devi) is my wife. ‘I place the seed in her (Durga) womb, by which all living beings are born. I (Brahm-Kaal) am the father of all (the living beings of the twenty-one brahmands) and Prakriti (Durga/Ashtangi) is the mother of all.
It is self-evident from the aforesaid description that Durga (Prakriti) and Brahm (Kaal-Sadashiv) are the mother and father of the three gods. The three Gunas (qualities) are Rajgun-Brahma Ji, Satgun-Vishnu Ji, and Tamgun Shiv Ji. They have taken birth from Brahm (Kaal) and Prakriti (Durga) and all three are perishable. They are not Mrityunjai (changeless-eternal) or the greatest gods. They are not all-powerful.
Excerpt from Shri DeviMahaPuran
Sankshipt Shrimad Devi Bhagavata Purana, Sachitra, Mota type, Keval Hindi, Editor - Hanuman Prasad Poddar, Chimmanlal Goswami, Publisher - Gobind Bhawan - Karyalay, Gita Press Gorakhpur, Third Skand, Page no. 115 to 120 & 123, 125, 128, 129
Once King Parikshit asked Shri Vyas Ji about the creation of Brahmand. Shri Vyas Ji replies that he had asked the same question from Rishiwar Narad Ji since there was ambiguity according to different beliefs as ‘Who is the creator of one Brahamand?’ whether the creator is Shankar Ji, Vishnu Ji, Brahma Ji or goddess Bhavani who lives with Param Purush and accomplishes the task.
Narad Ji tells that he asked about this doubt from his father, immeasurably brilliant Brahma Ji who himself did not have concrete answers and describes that when he originated from a lotus there was water everywhere and he was surprised about his origin. Shri Brahma Ji himself was unaware of where did he originate? For almost a thousand years, Brahma Ji searched for the Earth in the water but did not find it. He was surprised, ‘How did I originate in this unfathomable water? Who is my protector?’. Then, based on ether-voice, he meditated for one thousand years.
He then descended in water holding the stem of the lotus where he saw Lord Vishnu Ji reclining on Shesha, overpowered by Yoga Nidra. When he (Brahma Ji) remembered Bhagwati Yoga Nidra, she came out from Vishnu Ji’s body acquiring achintya form and got situated in the sky. She was wearing beautiful ornaments.
Shri Vishnu Ji by then was conscious, later Rudra also appeared. Then that Devi told them each their respective tasks ie. creation, preservation, and destruction and took all three in an aircraft to show the wonderful sight. They went to Brahmlok and saw another Brahma-One with four-faces (Chaturanan) and all three got surprised ‘Who is this immortal Brahma?’
Then that aircraft going swift like mind took them to beautiful summit of Kailash where they saw three-eyed God Shankar sitting on the bull ‘Nandi’. Moving ahead the aircraft took them to Vaikuntha Loka where there was the luxurious palace of Bhagwati Lakshmi and lotus-eyed Shri Hari was sitting, who had four arms.
Flying ahead, the aircraft took them to a place where they saw the ocean with nectar-like sweet water and in that charming island on an auspicious bed a divine, beautiful woman was sitting. Lord Vishnu identified this divine feminine that ‘She is goddess Jagdambika. She is Purna Prakriti also called ‘Vishweshwari’, Vedgarbha’ and ‘Shiva’, whom he saw in Prlayarnv (after the destruction of the world) when he was a small child, she was rocking him in a cradle. She is the mother of all three.
Shri Vishnu Ji and Shri Shiv Ji started lavishing praises on that goddess Bhuvneshwari
God Vishnu said - Salutations to goddess Prakriti. Constant salutations to Goddess Vidhatri. You are pure-form; this whole world is being illuminated by you. I, Brahma and Shankar - we all are present by your grace. We are in (aavirbhaav) birth and (tirobhaav) death. Only you are eternal, are (jagatjan-ni) the mother of the universe, Prakriti and the Goddess Sanatani.
God Shankar said - "Goddess! If this highly fortunate Vishnu has appeared from you, then Brahma, who originated after him, is also your child. Then am I, Shankar, who does Tamoguni Leela, not your child i.e you only are my originator too. Your Gunas are always capable of this world's creation, preservation, and destruction. Born of those same three Gunas, we, Brahma, Vishnu and Shankar, remain devoted to the tasks according to the rules. I, Brahma and Shiv were going in the aircraft. We saw new worlds. Bhavani! Well, tell who has made them?"
Reference Shrimad Devi Bhagwat MahaPuran Sabhashtikam Samhatyam , Khemraj Shri Krishna Das Prakashan Mumbai; Sanskrit text, translation in Hindi. Third Skand, Adhyay 4, Page 10, Shlok 42 and Page no. 11-12 Adhyay 5, Shlok 8: and 12
Then Durga married these three gods off, (Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiv) Prakriti Devi (Durga) by her word power acquired three other forms of hers. Marrying Shri Brahma Ji to Savitri, Shri Vishnu Ji to Lakshmi and Shri Shiv Ji to Uma i.e. Kaali, making them sit in the aircraft, sent them off to their separate islands (loks).
Brahma Ji says- ‘this Bhagwati Jagdambika bade us farewell. She, amongst the Shaktis with pure conduct, ordered MahaLakshmi to become wife of God Vishnu, MahaKaali of Shankar and MahaSaraswati, mine’.
With this description, it is evident that even Maharishi Vyas Ji, Maharishi Narad Ji, and Shri Brahma Ji, Shri Vishnu Ji and Shri Shankar Ji are unaware of the actual state of one Brahmand. Hence, proved that the three gods were kept unconscious. Then they were made conscious.
In Brahmlok, the second Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiv which they had seen, these are tricks of Jyoti Niranjan (Kaal) only. He only by acquiring the other three forms, resides in Brahmlok by making three secret places (one Rajogun-dominated place, one Satogun-dominated place, and one Tamogun-dominated place) and keeps Prakriti (Durga / Ashtangi) as his wife. Durga also has her separate lok, in which she grants the audience in her actual form.
Important:- Brahm-Kaal is cursed to eat grime of one lakh (sukshma/subtle) immaterial bodies of human beings every day and produce a lakh and a quarter every day. He gets his food prepared through Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva by the effect of three Gunas hence keeps them in deception. Durga as instructed by Kaal keeps this a secret hence she keeps the whole universe unaware of this reality.
Let us analyze basis evidence who according to great saints of Satyug, Brahma Ji, Vishnu Ji, Shankar Ji, Durga Ji and Brahm (Kaal) is the Supreme God who should be worshiped.
Shrimad Devi Bhagavata Purana, Skand 6, Adhyay 10, Page 414
Shri Vyas Ji replies to the question asked by Janmajay that in Satyug, Brahmins were intellectuals since they had complete knowledge of Vedas and worshipped Bhagwati Jagdambika (Durga) continuously. They always had the desire for the sight of Bhagwati. All their time was spent in reciting and remembrance of Gayatri. The recitation of Mayabeej was their prime duty.
Although, the great saints of Satyug were so-called "the knower of Vedas", they considered Durga Ji to be the Supreme God, this proves that they had no knowledge about the Supreme God as Durga Ji talks about worshipping some other God.
Shrimad Devi Bhagavata Purana, Skand 1, Page 28-29
Naradji is replying to a question asked by Vyas Ji and says that the same question was asked by his father Brahma Ji to Vishnu Ji.
Brahma Ji was astonished to see Vishnu Ji doing meditation and therefore Brahmaji asked Vishnuji that you are the superior most amongst Gods, then why are you meditating. Brahma Ji says that I am astonished to see you "the ruler of the world" doing meditation.
Vishnu Ji replies- ‘I have to live under the subjugation of Shakti in every respect. I continually remember that Bhagwati Shakti. Brahma Ji, in my knowledge, there is no other God superior to this Bhagwati Shakti’.
This proves that Brahma Ji considers Vishnu Ji to be Supreme God, Vishnu Ji Considers Durga to be the highest God.
Shrimad Devi Bhagwat Puran, Skand 7, Adhyay 36, Page 562 - 563
Shri Devi ji kehne lagi - parvatraj ! is prakaar yog yukt hokar mujh brahmswaroop devi ka dhyan kare.
Durga Ji is telling to King Himalaya that, in this way with full dedication worship/meditate me.
Durga Ji indicates here about "that Brahm" means some other God.
Us Brahm ka kya swaroop hai - yeh batlaya jaata hai. Jo prakash swaroop, sabke atyant sameep me sthit, hridyarup, guhame sthit hone ke karan 'guhachar' naamse prasidh aur mahan pad arthat param prapya hai.
Durga Ji gives an eloquent description of "that Brahm (Kaal)"
Somya ! us vedhne yogya lakshya ka tum vedhan karo - man lagakar usmein tanmay ho jao.
Somya ! Upanishad mein ..us baan ko kheench kar us Akshar roop Brahm ko hi lakshay bana kar vedhan karo. Pranav (Om) dhanush hai, jeevatma baan hai aur Brahm ko uska lakshya kaha jaata hai.
Durga Ji tells to worship "that Brahm" and not herself, means goddess Durga in Durga Puran condemns her worship.
Us ekmatr Parmatma ko hi jano, doosri sab batein chhor de. Yahi amritswaroop Parmatma ke paas pahunchane wala pul hai. Sansar samudr se paar hokar amritswaroop Parmatma ko prapt karane ka sulabh sadhan hai.....
Is aatmaka 'Om' ke jap ke saath dhyaan karo. Is se agyanmay andhkarse sarvatha parey aur sansar-samudr se us paar jo Brahm hai, usko paa jaoge. Tumhara kalyan ho.
Devi Ji is telling to king Himalaya that worship only that 'One Parmatma' and leave everything else and is saying to do the worship of some other God.
Devi Ji says in the following lines, that Brahm lives in ‘Brahmlok’.
Veh yeh sabka aatma Brahm, Brahmlok roop divya akaash mein stith hai.
Gita Adhyay 8, Shlok 16 it is written that even ‘Brahmlok is destructible which means that even Brahm is not the Supreme God. This proves that even Durga Ji does not have the complete knowledge about the Supreme God.
Brahm-Kaal in Gita Ji Adhyay 7 Shlok 18, tells his bhakti is ‘Anuttam’ (inferior/ bad).
Adhyay 15 Shlok 4 and Adhyay 18, Shlok 62, this Brahm is asking Arjun to go in the refuge of Supreme God to attain supreme peace and eternal place (Satlok)
These evidences indicate that neither the saints of Satyug, Brahma Ji, Vishnu Ji, Durga and not even Brahm-Kaal knows who is Supreme God?
Shrimad Devi Bhagavata Purana, Skand 6, Page 414
Those who were considered Raakshas (Demons) in earlier Yugas are considered Brahmins in the Kalyug (current age) because they are always eager to deceive everyone and perform and advocate false and pretentious worship (pakhand) to their followers which is absolutely not according to the Vedas.
Goddess Durga is addressed with various names like- Gauri, Brahmi, Raudri, Varahi, Vaishnvi, Shiva, Varuni, Kauberi, Narsinhi, Vasbi, Vishweshwari, Vedgarbha, Maha Vidhya, MahaMaya Jagdambika, PrakritiDevi, Bhuvneshwari, Tridevjan-ni, Goddess Sanatani, Aadi Maya MahaShakti, Ashtangi, Jagatjan-ni.
Devotees worship her by chanting various mantras which nowhere are proven in any Hindu religious scriptures like Vedas, Puranas or Gita Ji. By reciting path from Durga Chalisa or Durga Saptashati goddess Durga does not showers grace. This is an arbitrary way of worship which is useless.
The true way of worship of the Supreme God given by the Tatvadarshi (Enlightened) Saint should only be done. Reciting true mantras as proven helps devotees attain eternal peace and comfort. Take refuge from the Tatvadarshi Sant ie. Great Spiritual leader Sant Rampal Ji Maharaj and get your well being done.
So five concepts are clear from Durga Puran:
Yajurved Adhyay 8 Mantra 13- Only Supreme God / Satpurush / Almighty god Kabir Saheb can change. He can forgive our sins.
This myth of devotees that Durga is the creator, she can forgive sins and can provide salvation have all proved to be wrong. Goddess Durga is not the creator of this universe. She cannot forgive sins neither can she provide Salvation. Durga is not immortal. She as well as her husband Brahm (Kaal) along with their three sons Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are in birth and death. All these twenty-one brahamands of Kshar Purush are mortal.
The creator is Supreme God KavirDev who nurtures the entire universe. He is immortal and resides in the eternal place ie. the ultimate abode ‘Satlok’. Hence, to achieve supreme peace and salvation one should worship the complete God as told by Brahm in Gita Ji which is further elaborated in detail in Vedas by Brahm. That Supreme God is 'Kavir Dev' or call Him 'Kabir Sahib or Allahu Akbar'.